Learn the symptoms of Leukocytosis! Leukocytosis is an illness which is mostly found in acutely ill patients with medical conditions like cancer, hemorrhage, viral, bacterial, AIDS, fungal infections and even lung diseases.
Leukocytosis symptoms are often observed in these patients. It is a commonly diagnosed condition in clinical establishments, laboratories, and hospitals.
The article contains complete guide to treat leukocytosis. It includes leukocytosis symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention tips. You must efficiently implement the information given in this article if you are going through this medical condition to get rid of leukocytosis. Here we go!
What is LEUKOCYTOSIS? LEUKOCYTOSIS Symptoms!
Leukocytosis is a condition in which the leukocyte count (white blood cells count) is abnormally high as compared to the standard range in the blood. Depending on the type of white blood cell, leukocytosis can be classified into five categories.
- Neutrophilia: Caused due to a high number of neutrophil granulocytes in the blood.
- Lymphocytosis: Caused due to increase in some lymphocytes in the blood.
- Monocytosis: Caused by an increase in the count of monocytes in the blood.
- Eosinophilia: Caused as a result of increased eosinophil count in the peripheral blood.
- Basophilia: Caused because of abnormally elevated quantity of basophils in the blood
SYMPTOMS of LEUKOCYTOSIS:
The symptoms indicating an existence of leukocytosis are more often from the condition which caused this illness. The most commonly found leukocytosis symptoms are:
- Weight reduction or poor appetite
- Bruises on body or bleeding
- Feelings of dizziness and light-headedness
- Abnormal sweating
- Abdominal pain
- Feeling weak, tired and sick resulting in inability to perform routine chores just like in the condition of lyme disease.
- Tingling sensations in lower and upper extremities
- Breathing problems
- Disturbances in vision
- Confusing mental state
Leukocytosis is most often caused due to relatively non-malignant conditions like infections and inflammations, but sometimes leucocytosis symptoms can also occur in response to bone tumor and certain parasite infections. Mostly the leukocytosis symptoms are directly associated with its causes. Some causes of leukocytosis are given below:
Infections – This is a common cause of leukocytosis. Infections like bacterial, fungal, viral or parasitic infections can be responsible.
Inflammation – This medical illness can also be caused by inflammatory disorders like Degenerative arthritis (Osteoarthritis). Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis which primarily occurs as a result of excessive wear and tear of the joints tissue.
Bone marrow disorder – Increased white blood cell counts are the product of healthy bone marrow reacting to inflammation or infection. Abnormal bone marrow or bone tumor can also cause leukocytosis.
Stress – Physical or emotional stress can also be responsible for leukocytosis as this induces leukocytosis symptoms. Causes of resultant stress leukocytosis include seizures, anxiety disorders, overexertion, anesthesia and epinephrine administration.
Individuals who carry out intensive physical exercises which are beyond their capacity can also suffer from this ailment.
Medications – Medications commonly causing leukocytosis symptoms are corticosteroids, lithium and beta agonists. Side effects of medicines that are used for the cure of inflammations, respiratory problems, cancer and mental ailment can result in the occurrence of leukocytosis.
Allergic reactions – Individuals who are allergic in nature can be affected by this illness and leukocytosis symptoms can occur to them.
Tissue Damage – Damages to body tissues due to burns, heart disease, and cancer can increase the white blood cells count in the blood stream.
Other factors – Leukocytosis can result from other factors like convulsions, lack of oxygen, high immune reactions, chronic disorders and chemical or metabolic intoxication.
Find out detailed article on causes of leukocytes here.
The diagnosis that is undertaken after leukocytosis symptoms are spotted involves mainly the following:
- The test known as Complete blood count has to be done. In this, the exact number of white blood cells is determined which assists the clinical professionals to diagnose the irregularities in the blood.
- If any underlying bone marrow disorder is suspected, then an additional test has to be done known as Peripheral Blood Smear. This test presents the form and shape of the white blood cells.
- A full physical check-up can be done to find if any other physical condition is present.
- The clinical professional will inquire about the health history of the patient and any leukocytosis symptom occurrence.
- The patient may be asked whether they suffer from any allergic reactions or any medical conditions.
- Diagnosis is distinguishing this disorder from other conditions like Appendicitis, Down syndrome, Pertussis and others may also be performed after the occurrence of any of the leukocytosis symptoms.
Ideally, the healthcare professionals treat the cause of leukocytosis, because the white blood cells may return to normal once the cause for its disorder is treated. The treatments given to leukocytosis patients are:
IV Fluids – Intravenous fluids are given to provide extra electrolytes and fluids.
Bone marrow transplant – A healthy marrow is transplanted in place of the diseased marrow.
Blood transfusion – Complete or partial blood transfusion process is undertaken.
Medicines – Antibiotics which can prevent or cure any underlying infection is used. Steroids may be given to reduce inflammation.
Leukocyte reduction – This process prevents the condition called leukostasis, which occurs due to clustering of white blood cells together in the blood stream.
Leukocytosis can be avoided in many ways. Some of the prevention methods are:
- Avoid alcohol consumption or try to minimize it.
- Do not consume barbecued, fried or grilled food more often.
- Do not eat food reheated in the microwave.
- Avoid any aerated drinks, artificial sweeteners, margarine and saturated fats like butter.
- Daily consume foods that are high in antioxidants like grapes, garlic, onions, and tea. Antioxidants fight against any harmful substance in the body, and so they are helpful in maintaining the healthy level of the white blood cells in the blood.
- Daily intake of foods with omega-3 fatty acids helps in fighting infection, and white blood cells count and thereby preventing any leukocytosis symptoms. Food that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids is salmon, walnuts, flaxseeds, herring and trout dishes.
- Vegetables and fruits containing the vitamin C can be included in the diet as Vitamin C is an immune system booster and can regulate the production of white blood cells.
- Add raw vegetables to the diet by consuming salads and fresh vegetable juices.
The above prevention ways can be integrated into the daily routine to avoid any leukocytosis symptoms and to maintain a healthy range of white blood cells in the bloodstream.
So, finally, you have understand the symptoms of leukocytosis, its causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention tips. Follow the above guide to get rid of this condition. Moreover, it is most often caused due to relatively non-malignant conditions like infections and inflammations, but sometimes it can also occur in response to bone tumor and certain parasite infections.
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